Some emigrate for love, others love adventure or are looking for a stellar career abroad. The common thread for most emigrants is the desire to structure their lives in a self-determined manner. While few think about insurance or future provisions, there are some important points to keep in mind in this regard. But those who plan their emigration carefully will be able to look to their financial future with confidence, even if they are living abroad.
In recent years, the number of Swiss living abroad has risen by about 2% annually. According to information from the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA), this figure was nearly 3% in 2017. In total, nearly 775,000 Swiss live in another country, most of them in Europe (60%). The most popular destination for emigrants is France (200,000), followed by Germany (90,000) and the USA (80,000).
The decision to move abroad is often made quickly. But rather than hastily packing your bags, you should plan carefully. Otherwise, the dream of a beautiful life abroad may quickly come to an end. In particular, you should take a close look at your pension situation. Early planning is important, as your insurance company will only be able to show you financial solutions while you’re registered in Switzerland.
First pillar: Avoid contribution gaps
People who live and work in Switzerland pay into AHV/IV, thus not only providing for their retirement, but also gaining financial protection in the event of death or disability for themselves – and their family. This protection is no longer available following emigration. For each year without contributions, 2.3% of both AHV pensions will be missing later on. However, these contribution gaps can be avoided.
Protection depending on your situation and destination:
- Those who work for a Swiss employer in a foreign country can continue to pay into mandatory AHV/IV. All this requires is the submission of an application within six months of emigrating.
- Swiss citizens who move to an EU or EFTA country (Liechtenstein, Iceland or Norway) are covered by the social insurance system in their destination country.
- All others can, under certain circumstances, pay into the voluntary AHV/IV insurance in Geneva. The application for doing so must be submitted within one year of emigration and the applicant should already have paid into the AHV/IV for five continuous years.
- Pensioners have the right to a pension as long as they have paid AHV contributions for at least one year and they move to a country that has a social security agreement with Switzerland.
Voluntary contribution to AHV?
Voluntary contribution to AHV/IV insurance in Geneva is not free, so you should give this step careful consideration. There are administrative charges on the contributions (amount to 5% of the contributions). This can make voluntary AHV/IV contributions – depending on the country – an expensive form of double insurance.
Second pillar – the age is crucial
What happens to second pillar capital depends primarily on the age of the person and the destination country.
- Before retirement: Those moving to a country outside the EU can draw all of the capital from the pension fund. However, those within the EU can only draw the supplementary portion. Those in the EU who continue to be covered against risks such as death, disability and old age will not be paid the mandatory portion. Instead, the capital will be transferred to a vested benefits account or custody account and cannot be drawn until at least five years before normal retirement age.
- Date of (early) retirement: With most pension funds, retirement cannot be taken before age 58. Only then can the pension fund assets be drawn as a lump sum or monthly pension. From this point on, it does not matter if you live in Switzerland or abroad.
- Following retirement: Once a pension fund withdrawal option has been chosen, it can no longer be changed. So you no longer need to think about it anymore. But it is advisable to contact the pension fund before emigrating, as pension funds have different rules. In addition, a cash payout requires proof that you are leaving Switzerland.
Early withdrawal from the third pillar
When you leave Switzerland you can withdraw your 3a pillar assets – no matter which country you emigrate to. The payout should only be initiated after you give notice of departure from Switzerland and register in the foreign country. In this case, withholding tax will be deducted from the payout, with the level based on the canton. For this reason, it is worth transferring the pillar 3a assets to a bank foundation domiciled in a canton with low taxes. Those already drawing pension assets before they emigrate must pay taxes on them separate from other income, which is generally more expensive than withholding tax.
Make an appointment for a consultation
Are you planning to emigrate, or do you have general questions regarding your future provisions or insurance? Our pension and financial experts would be pleased to look at your individual situation and show you solutions for making your dream of emigrating in a self-determined manner a reality. We would also be happy to advise you by video instead of in the General Agency or at your home.